Download e-book for iPad: A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to by Elizabeth Endicott
By Elizabeth Endicott
An illustrated historical past of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this ebook examines the numerous demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over usual assets within the post-socialist unfastened marketplace period.
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Additional info for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present
In drought conditions, nomadic migrations may become disorderly and even chaotic. In 1926, Simukov witnessed drought-stricken Gobi pastures and recorded his anguished reaction: I witnessed (Khan-kökchün-ula, 1926) abandoned campsites, surrounded by heaps of dead sheep; dogs, wolves, vultures, and eagles could not even keep up with these. Livestock that remained alive wandered dejectedly, barely moving their legs along the exposed rocky expanse, searching for withered patches of last year’s grasses.
In addition to cashmere, other animal products such as meat, dairy, and wool (from camel and from sheep) all provide income and sustenance for Gobi herders. Because of the harsh climate, limited access to water, and sparse vegetation, herding patterns in the Gobi have traditionally differed in significant ways from patterns observed elsewhere in Mongolia, that is, in the steppe and northern forested regions. ), a renowned scholar of virtually all aspects of Mongolian life. 8 His daughter, Nataliia Simukova, has estimated that Simukov’s travels extended to practically all areas of Mongolia, and that his itineraries traversed some 70,000 kilometers.
Chapter 3 Early History The Thirteenth Century Rather than totally free, unrestricted access to pastureland, Mongolia’s pastoral nomadic herders through history have often had to contend with some form of authority in determining pasture access and land use. Even in the stateless conditions of the pre-Mongol Empire period, it is likely that tribal and clan authority had a large role in determining households’ land use patterns. 1 Of course, such a generalization is difficult to prove or disprove, and no definition of “ancient tradition” is offered.