Download e-book for iPad: Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts by James Weifu Lee (auth.), James W. Lee (eds.)
By James Weifu Lee (auth.), James W. Lee (eds.)
Designed as a textual content not just for college kids and researchers, yet an individual attracted to eco-friendly expertise, complicated Biofuels and Bioproducts deals the reader an unlimited review of the state of the art in renewable energies. the common bankruptcy units out to give an explanation for the basics of a brand new know-how in addition to delivering its context within the larger box. With contributions from approximately a hundred major researchers around the globe, the textual content serves as a tremendous and well timed look at this quickly increasing box. The forty chapters that contain complex Biofuels and Bioproducts are handily geared up into the subsequent eight sections: · creation and Brazil's biofuel luck · Smokeless biomass pyrolysis for complicated biofuels construction and worldwide biochar carbon sequestration · Cellulosic Biofuels · Photobiological creation of complicated biofuels with man made biology · Lipids-based biodiesels · Life-cycle power and economics research · High-value algal items and biomethane · Electrofuels
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Extra info for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts
Day D, Evans RJ, Lee JW, Reicosky D (2005) Economical CO2, SOx, and NOx capture from fossil-fuel utilization with combined renewable hydrogen production and large-scale carbon sequestration. Energy 30(14):2558–2579 5. Lee JW, Hawkins B, Day DM, Reicosky DC (2010) Sustainability: the capacity of smokeless biomass pyrolysis for energy production, global carbon capture and sequestration. Energy Environ Sci 3(11):1695–1705 6. Denevan WM (1996) A bluff meddle of river in the settlement in prehistoric Amazonia.
A moderate CEC is typically 4 Oxygenation of Biochar for Enhanced Cation Exchange Capacity 37 considered to be within the range of above 50 and at or less than 250 mmol kg−1. An atypical or exceptionally high CEC would be at least 250 mmol kg−1. , chemical composition, porosity, charge density, and CEC. One of the most common production processes of biochar is the practice since ancient times of burning biomass in open pits. Such uncontrolled processes generally produce signiﬁcant quantities of oxide gases of combustion, such as CO2 and CO, generally in amounts signiﬁcantly greater than 20% by weight of the carbon content of the biochar source.
Cornstover), is heated to about 400°C in the absence of oxygen and converted to biofuels (bio-oils, syngas) and biochar—a stable form of solid black carbon (C) material (Fig. 3). , lignin cellulose) → biochar + H 2 O + bio - oils + syngas The yield and characteristics of biochar produced varies widely depending on the feedstock properties and pyrolysis conditions, including temperature, heating rate, pressure, moisture, and vapor-phase residence time. Typically, biochar contains mainly carbon (C) with certain amounts of hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N) atoms, plus ash.