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Air Travel: How Safe Is It? - download pdf or read online

Posted On March 29, 2017 at 5:28 pm by / Comments Off on Air Travel: How Safe Is It? - download pdf or read online

By Laurie Taylor

Regardless of the excessive criteria of security in civil air delivery, aviation mess ups proceed to take place. This ebook examines the dangers relating to air shuttle - human elements, the traditional and operational environments, and man-made difficulties reminiscent of sabotage - and exhibits the place managers have succeeded and failed.

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It was probably this reconsideration that caused the FAA to require that a captain and copilot cannot be 'paired' unless at least one of them has a minimum of 75 hours of line operating experience on the type of airplane and that each captain and copilot must acquire 100 hours of line operating experience for consolidation of knowledge and skills, within 120 days of completing a proficiency check on the new airplane type. In 1993 a French inquiry into a major fatal accident found that regulations governing airline pilot type-conversion training for 'latest generation' airliner flight decks were totally inadequate.

Out of more than 6000 reports submitted by pilots and controllers to the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS), < previous page page_22 next page > < previous page page_23 next page > Page 23 there were 529 reported incidents classified as representing 'ambiguous phraseology'. Problems arise from homophony, the occurrence of different words that sound almost alike, such as left and west, or exactly alike such as to and two. The latter misunderstanding actually led to a fatal accident at a southeast Asian airport, when air traffic control cleared the aircraft to descend 'two four zero zero' and the pilot read back the clearance as 'OK.

Airlines make significant savings in costs when pilots operate several different types of airplanes, but regulatory authorities should be alert to the operational and safety consequences of authorising multi-type operations, particularly when the differences are subtle and likely to cause errors. The problem is greatest when operators build an aircraft fleet from different sources, and particularly in the so-called 'developing world', where regulatory authorities may not have the expertise and experience to monitor airline operations.

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