Download e-book for kindle: America's Airports: Airfield Development, 1918-1947 by Janet R. Daly Bednarek

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By Janet R. Daly Bednarek

Chicago-O'Hare, DFW, LAX, New York–La Guardia. around the nation, americans take with no consideration the benefit of air flight from one urban to a different. The federal position in coping with air site visitors and the cooperative company making plans of significant airways masks to a point the truth that these airports are usually not together owned or controlled, yet really are neighborhood public responsibilities.

In this precise historical past of the areas tourists in towns throughout the US name "the" airport, Janet R. Daly Bednarek lines the evolving dating among towns and their airports through the the most important adolescence of 1918–47. She highlights the early heritage of experimentation and innovation within the improvement of municipal airports and identifies the factors—including strain from the U.S. publish workplace and the army, neither of which had the self sufficient assets to increase a community of terminals—that made American towns chargeable for their very own air entry. She indicates how boosterism speeded up the rage towards neighborhood development and possession of the fields.

In the later years of the interval, Bednarek indicates, towns came across they can now not shoulder the total burden of airport development, upkeep, and development. As a part of a normal development throughout the Nineteen Thirties towards a powerful, direct courting among towns and the government, towns started to lobby

for federal reduction for his or her airports, a requirement that used to be finally met while international warfare II elevated the federal stakes of their functioning.

Along with this advanced local-federal courting, Bednarek considers the function of the courts and of urban making plans within the improvement of municipal airfields. Drawing on numerous short case reports, she seems to be on the social features of airports and analyzes how city improvement ended in various airport arrangements.

Little released paintings has been to be had in this subject. Now, with Bednarek's insightful and thorough remedy and vast view of the topic, these drawn to the styles of yankee air commute could have new figuring out and people fascinated about city improvement will realize an extra dimension.

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Additional resources for America's Airports: Airfield Development, 1918-1947 (Centennial of Flight Series, 1)

Example text

That piece of legislation created within the Department of Commerce an Aeronautics Branch (later the Bureau of Air Commerce), and it formally made airports a local responsibility. Those acts by themselves worked to stimulate some cities to begin to look at constructing a municipal airport. However, action remained at a rather low level until the energizing influence of Charles Lindbergh’s solo flight across the Atlantic. Lindbergh’s feat fanned the flames of aviation enthusiasm all over the United States.

Therefore, another important part of the history of this pioneering era is the story, first, of how some cities established airports in the absence of enabling legislation and, second, of early state actions allowing for municipal airports. Cities, States, and Airports When the Post Office and the Air Service tried to recruit cities to build airports, few responded. For one thing, simple as they were (still often open fields with perhaps a single hangar—only a few airports, even as of 1926, had lighting) the early airports cost money.

33 During the first eight years of operation, the airmail service in Chicago shifted between three airports—Grant Park, Checkerboard Field, and Maywood Field, the latter two located west of the city limits. Following the establishment of round-the-clock airmail flights in 1924, many civic leaders in Chicago became determined that the city build a municipal airport within the city. Charles Wacker, chairman of the City Plan Commission, went to the city council in July, 1924, asking that it lease some property owned by the Board of Education for use as an airport.

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